Apr. Champions-League-Platz | Uefa-Fünfjahreswertung: Bundesliga geht leer nach der Pleite gegen Real Madrid in der Champions League. Dez. Im engen Kampf um einen Fixplatz für die Champions League in der Saison /21 haben Red Bull Salzburg und der SK Rapid am letzten. Die Bundesliga ist die höchste Spielklasse im deutschen Fußball. Sie wurde nach dem . Seit der Saison /17 ist der vierte Platz wie der dritte Platz ebenfalls ein direkt qualifizierter Platz, in der .. Borussia Dortmund gewann die Champions League, Bayern München () und Schalke 04 () siegten im. Bundesliga startet am Juni eines Jahres und aktualisierter Planrechnungen müssen die betroffenen Vereine den Nachweis der Liquidität bis zum Saisonende erbringen. Wie bereits vor dem Krieg waren die Landesverbände gegen die Idee einer Bundesliga. Die Gelder sind zugewiesen. Liechtenstein tritt lediglich mit dem nationalen Pokalsieger an, da kein eigener Ligabetrieb durchgeführt wird. Die ersten sieben Verbände erhalten zwei sichere Startplätze im Sechzehntelfinale, die Verbände auf den Plätzen acht bis zwölf einen sicheren Startplatz. So war man gegen Ende der er nicht mehr konkurrenzfähig. Beide Teams standen sich bereits mal gegenüber. Heinz von Heiden Massivhausbau. Hubert Burda Media , 6. Von den weiteren sechs deutschen Vertretern gab es vier Siege und zwei Unentschieden.
Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the UEFA Champions League , while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round see overview.
The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2. The 16th-placed team third-last , and the third-placed team in the 2.
Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match. The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2.
If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement.
However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga. In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives.
Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game. That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit.
By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.
After the German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a youth academy , with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team.
This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players.
In the first decade of the third millennium s , the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five teams have won the league title. At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being VfL Wolfsburg , Bayer Leverkusen and current Regionalliga Nordost member FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.
Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players.
Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45, fans per game during the —12 season was the second highest of any professional sports league worldwide, behind only the National Football League of the United States.
Many club stadia have large terraced areas for standing fans by comparison, stadia in the English Premier League are all-seaters due to the Taylor Report.
Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere. They are very fan orientated".
Football has got to be for everybody. The spectator figures for league for the last eleven seasons:. The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, 2.
Three Friday night matches — the openers of the first and second halves of the season, and on the final matchday before the winter break — are broadcast to all Germans on ZDF.
Radio coverage includes the national Konferenz whip-around coverage on the stations of ARD and full match coverage on local radio stations.
The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over countries. In October , 21st Century Fox , via the Fox Sports , Fox International Channels , and Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia outside of India and Oceania for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the —16 season.
CEO James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe.
Spanish-language telecasts air on Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via Fox Sports Go , and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer Match Pass.
ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the season. In , digital TV operator StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for 5 years starting from season.
The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga. The former East German side Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a time champion.
They petitioned the league to have their DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply. Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars.
The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions. BFC Dynamo Berlin have not followed this guideline and continue to wear three stars, rather than a single star inscribed with the number These stars are a permanent part of their crest.
Since June , the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for Bundesliga titles won.
In addition, a system of one star designation was adopted for use. This system is intended to take into account not only Bundesliga titles but also other now defunct national championships.
As of July , the following clubs are allowed to wear one star while playing outside the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for total league championships won over the course of German football history, and would be displayed within the star.
Some teams listed here had different names while winning their respective championships, these names are also noted in parentheses.
For the first time in , the Bundesliga was given its own logo to distinguish itself. Six years later, the logo was revamped into a portrait orientation, which was used until A new logo was announced for the —11 season in order to modernise the brand logo for all media platforms.
In December , it was announced that a new logo would be used for the —18 season, modified slightly for digitisation requirements, featuring a matte look.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bundesliga disambiguation. History of German football. Introduction of the Bundesliga.
List of German football champions. Logo used during the —13 season , the 50th Bundesliga season. Football in Germany portal.
Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 8 September Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 23 August Occupying Allied authorities ordered the dissolution of most organizations in the country, including sports and football clubs, as having been compromised under the Nazi regime.
However, many football clubs were soon re-established and new sides formed; play was tentatively resumed. By , a new first division league structure, the Oberligen, was in place in most of the Western zone of occupation.
An exception was in French-occupied Saarland where attempts by France to annex the state were manifested in the formation of a separate, but short-lived, football competition that staged its own championship.
In the Soviet-occupied East zone, a more enduring separation took place that was not mended until the reunification of Germany in As a result, Eastern-based clubs did not take part in the German national championship under the DFB, vying instead for a different prize.
A new trophy — the Meisterschale — was introduced in the west in The first post-war champions were 1. Over time, the notion of professionalism — long anathema to German sports — made inroads in the country.
A consequence of this was that by , a distinct national amateur championship was established, open to teams playing below the Oberliga level in second- and third tier leagues.
The post-war occupation of Germany by the victorious Allies eventually led to the de facto partition of the country and the emergence of two separate German states, each with its own government and institutions.
Early plans to maintain a national championship to be contested by representatives from the eastern and western halves of the country quickly fell by the wayside in the context of the Cold War.
From through to an East German football champion was declared, until the eastern competition was reintegrated into the German national competition under the DFB.
FC Hansa Rostock captured the title in the transitional —91 season, and alongside runners-up Dynamo Dresden , advanced to play in the Bundesliga, thereby fully integrating former Eastern clubs into a unified German championship.
The formation of the Bundesliga in marked a significant change to the German football championship. The historical regional league and national playoff format was abandoned in favour of a single unified national league.
Sixteen teams from the five Oberligen in place at the time were invited to be part of the new circuit — which also for the first time formally acknowledged the sport as professional rather than amateur.
The new league adopted a round-robin format in which each team plays every other club once at home and once away.
There is no playoff, with the club having the best record at the end of the season claiming the German championship.
Since then the competition has been dominated by Bayern Munich which has taken the championship in 27 of the 55 Bundesliga seasons played to Over the history of the German football championship 29 different clubs have won the title.
The most successful club is FC Bayern Munich with 28 titles to its credit, most of those coming in Bundesliga competition.
The most successful pre-Bundesliga club is 1. This system allows for the recognition of both German and East German titles , although only German titles are listed in the table below.
As of German football champions have come from 11 of the 16 German states. The most successful state is Bavaria with 41 championships.
Bavaria is also home to the two individually most successful clubs, Bayern Munich and 1. North-Rhine Westphalia follows with 25 championships.
The state is home to the third and fourth most successful clubs, Borussia Dortmund and Schalke In most cases the regional associations of the DFB align with state borders in Germany.
For the champions of these states the regional associations are mentioned as well. From —45 Austria was part of Germany, and Austrian clubs were thus allowed to compete in the German football championship.
Rapid Wien won one championship in that period. In over a century of German football competition, champions were not declared in several seasons for various reasons.
The national championship was suspended in October due to World War I. Limited play continued on a regional basis in many parts of the country, while competition was abandoned in other areas.
Several regional leagues continued to declare champions or cup winners. The national championship was reinstated with the —20 season that was concluded with a 2—0 victory by 1.
The final was contested by 1. The match was called on account of darkness after three hours and ten minutes of play, drawn at 2—2.
Considerable wrangling ensued over the decision. The DFB awarded the win to Hamburg under the condition that they renounce the title in the name of "good sportsmanship" — which they grudgingly did.
Ultimately, the championship trophy was not officially presented that year. Competition for the national title was maintained through most of World War II and was supported by the regime for morale.
Play became increasingly difficult as the war drew to its conclusion due to manpower shortages, bombed-out stadiums, and the hardship and expense of travel.
The —45 season kicked off ahead of schedule in November; however, by March play had collapsed throughout Germany as Allied armies overran the country.
In —48, qualification play took place to determine Westzonen Western occupation zones and Ostzone Eastern occupation zone representatives to meet in a national final that never took place.
In the aftermath of World War I, several lesser national football competitions emerged as outgrowths of the tumultuous German political situation.
Through the s and s, each of these leagues staged their own national championships or fielded national sides.
Because of the ideologies they represented, they were considered politically unpalatable by the regime and disappeared in the reorganization of German football under the Third Reich that consolidated competition in state-sanctioned leagues.
German championships have included clubs from countries other than Germany. Following the Anschluss , which united Germany and Austria within the Third Reich in , Austrian clubs became part of German competition; Admira Wien made a losing appearance in the German national final in , Rapid Wien captured the championship in , and First Vienna also lost in In each case their opposition was Schalke Throughout the course of World War II, clubs in German-occupied territories were made part of German competition in the Gauligen and took part in the regional qualifying rounds of the national championship, but without the same success as Austrian sides.
Two trophies have been used for the official German and, during the era of the divided Germany, West German champions. The trophy disappeared during the final stages of the war and would not resurface until after the German reunification.
A new trophy, the Meisterschale , was commissioned after the war but was not ready for the first post-war champions in Instead it was first awarded to VfR Mannheim in